THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE STATE OF CEARÁ, BRAZIL

Abstract

Traditional communities situated in mangrove forests near the coast have developed a way of life based on ecosystem services associated with various uses and activities (firewood extraction, artisanal fishing, crab and clam harvesting, etc.).  The importance of food security and sovereignty is frequently mentioned in the context of small-scale fishing but has seldom been articulated as an explicit objective. The present work identifies a knowledge gap concerning the profits generated by artisanal exploitation, which are not recorded in official statistics. We compiled economic data from Cumbe and Curral Velho, in the state of Ceará (Brazil), using a combination of techniques (tracking tables, interviews, zoning and questionnaires). Fishermen typically work up to 5 hours a day for 4.6 days a week, working 23 hours/week, and earning € 127.20/week or € 5.53€/hour of work. It is concluded that the artisanal fishing carried out by coastal communities is not only economically viable but competes directly with industrial monocultures in terms of monetary income and workers’ leisure time.

Author Biographies

Luciana de Souza Queiroz, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil

Postgraduate Program in Geography, Post-doctoral scholarship, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil.

Sergio Rossi, Università del Salento, Italy

Professor at the University of Salento, Italy.

Aida Tapia Mercander, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Environmental Sciences, Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Camila Serra-Pompei, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

David Vide Pifarré, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Joan Carrasco Domínguez, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Júlia Amorós Monrabà, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Júlia Muntané Carol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Maria Briansó Martínez, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain

Ciencias Ambientales, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Antonio Jeovah de Andrade Meireles, Federal University of Ceara, Brazil (UFC), Brazil

Professor at the Postgraduate Program in Geography of the Federal University of Ceara (UFC).

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Published
08/04/2020
How to Cite
QUEIROZ, Luciana de Souza et al. THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE STATE OF CEARÁ, BRAZIL. Geosaberes, Fortaleza, v. 11, p. 180 - 198, apr. 2020. ISSN 2178-0463. Available at: <http://geosaberes.ufc.br/geosaberes/article/view/871>. Date accessed: 06 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.26895/geosaberes.v11i0.871.
Section
ARTICLES