Good governance is an adaptive approach in territorial planning and resource management for achieving sustainable development that can be reached through the regular behavior and institutionalization of accountability, public participation, transparency, accountability, consensus and etc. Rural governance is the process of influencing all the rural involved organizations on rural management with all mechanisms with which we can move towards the excellence and progress of the village and the rural residents. In Iran, the rural governance structure was formed on the basis of two principles of the Rural Islamic Council as a decision-making body and village management as an executive body. It enjoys legal and financial independence and in addition to using national tolls, has the ability to set up and collect local tolls for providing public services. The present study has been conducted in 2016 aimed to investigate the enhancement of rural environmental quality with an emphasis on good governance from the viewpoint of rural residents. This study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytic based on nature. The study population composed of 41 villages in the central part of Ardabil which were divided into 8 classes based on the number of households. From each class, one high populated and one low populated village was selected and finally 21 villages were selected. The sample size was estimated n = 370 according to Cochran formula. The library and field methods (questionnaire) were used to collect the required information. The data were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, sample t and Friedman tests. The results indicate that good governance in the field of environment is not in a desired situation. Also, a significant difference was found in the effect of good governance dimensions on the environment, with the highest effect related to the participation index and the least effect related to equity and justice.

Author Biographies

Bahram Imani, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.

Mansour Rahmati, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran

Assistant Professor, Depatment of Political Geography, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.


BADRI, Syed Ali; GHADIRI MAASOOM, Mojtaba, FARHADI, samet; ESKANDARI, Hafez. A Comparative Study of Rural management approach Iran and China rule, Rural Development, 2011, Vol. 14, No. 3, p. 69-91. [in Persian].

BARAK POOR, naser; ASADI, Eiraj. Urban governance and international governance system in the Iranian cities, Conference planning and urban management. 2009. [in Persian].

BARAK POOR, Naser; BASIRAT, Maysam. The challenges of rural governance in Tehran metropolitan area, First International Conference on rural settlements, Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation, Tehran, 2011, p. 87-110. [in Persian].

CONNELLY, S; RICHARDSON, T.; MILES, T. 2006. Situated legitimacy: Deliberative arenas and the new rural governance, Journal of Rural Studies, No. 22, p. 277.

DARBAN ASTANE, Alireza; MOTIEI, Sayed Hasan; BADRI, Syed Ali. Measurement and analysis of factors affecting rural governance in local governments, case study: Qazvin, Human Geography Research, 2010, No. 73, p. 99-118. [in Persian].

DARBAN ASTANE, Alireza; REZVANI, Mohamad Reza. Factors affecting rural governance in local governments, Case Study: ghazvin city, Urban Management, 2011, No. 28, p. 179-198. [in Persian].

DEKKER, K.; KEMPEN, R. Urban governance within the big cities policy, Journal Cities, 2004, No 21, p. 109-117.

DOWNER, A. Good Governance. Guiding principles for implementation. Australia, Canberra Mailing Centre, 2000.

ELMENOFI, G.; BILALI, H. E.; BERJAN, S. Governance of rural development in Egypt, Annals of Agricultural Science, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 59, p. 285-296.

HESAM, M., REZVANI, M.; ASHOOR, H. Measuring Satisfaction with the performance of VA's rural countryside with good governance approach, case study: Rural villages south of the city of Gorgan, Geographic preparation space, 2014, v. 4, No. 14, p 99-128. [in Persian].

KADAGO, Joseph; SANDOZ, Simone; HAM HABER, Johannes. Good urban governance, Actor’s relations and paradigms: Lessons from Nairobi, Kenya, and Recife, Brazil, 46th ISOCARP Congress, 2010.

LEVIDOW, L. Governing conflicts over sustainability Agricultural biotechnology in Europe. Agricultural Governance: Routledge, 2005.

MAHARATI, Yaghoob; HASANI, Hanzaei; HAMIDI, Mojtaba. Assessment of strategic planning based on urban good governance: a comparative study of Tehran and Mashhad planning, conference planning and urban management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 2012, p. 1-19. [in Persian].

MESHKINI, Abolfazl; MOAZEN, Sohrab. Analysis of urban governance in urban sustainability, Case Study. Ajabshir, logistics, environment, 2014, No. 29, p. 99-131. [in Persian].

POPOVYCH, Oksana. Good Governance and Policy Addressing Poverty Alleviation in Ukraine. MSc-Public Administration, 2008.

RAHMANI FAZLI, Abdolreza; SADEGHI, Mozafar. ALIPOORIAN, Jahanbakhsh. The theoretical foundations of good governance in the process of new rural management. Urban management, 2014, No. 37, p. 43-54. [in Persian].

ROKN ALDIN EFTEKHARI, Abdolreza; POOR TAHERI, Mahdi; AHMADI POOR, Zahra. Approach relationship between good governance and sustainable rural development in rural areas of Mazandaran province, Rural research, 2011, vol22, No. 4, p. 1-34. [in Persian[.

ROKN ALDIN EFTEKHARI, Abdolreza; AZIMI AMOLI, Jalal; POOR TAHERI, Mahdi; AHMADI POOR, Zahra. Good governance provide a model village in Iran, Journal of Geopolitics, 2012, Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 1-28. [in Persian].

SHAMAI, Aali; ADINE VAND, Aliasghr; HAJIZADE, Maryam. Evaluating the performance of municipalities on urban good governance, case study: the city of Yasouj, Urban Management studies, 2012, v. 4, No. 11, p 1-20. [in Persian].

SCOTT, A. (ed.). Global city regions, trends, theory, policy. Oxford: Oxford university Press, 2012.

SOKSRENG, T. E. Good Governance In Combodia: Expeloring the Link beetween Governance And Poverty Reduction, Yokohama journal of social sciences, 2007, p. 56.

TAGHVAI, Aliakbar; TAJDAR, Rasool. Introduction to urban good governance in Analysis, Urban Management, 2009, No. 23, p. 45-58 [in Persian].

TALEB, Mahdi. BAKHSHIZADE, Hasan. Rural cooperatives and rural governance in Iran, Rural Development, 2012, v. 4, No. 2, p. 25-46 [in Persian].

UN-HABITAT. Urban governance index (UGI) a tool to measure progress in achieving good urban governance, 2009.

WOODS, M. Rural geography. London: Sage, 2005.

YAP KIO, Sheng. Good Urban Governance in Southeast Asia, Environment and Urbanization Asia, 2014.
How to Cite
IMANI, Bahram; RAHMATI, Mansour. INCREASING THE QUALITY OF RURAL ENVIRONMENT WITH EMPHASIS ON GOOD GOVERNANCE FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF RESIDENTS OF VILLAGES OF THE CENTRAL PART IN ARDABIL, IRAN. Geosaberes, Fortaleza, v. 11, p. 129 - 141, feb. 2020. ISSN 2178-0463. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 june 2020. doi: