ALUVIÃO IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA ISLAND: HISTORIC ASPECTS, CONCEPTS AND POTENCIAL DAMAGE INDEX

Abstract

The district of Funchal, located on Madeira Island, is often affected by a process known regionally as Aluvião. This process has been recorded since 1600, however the event of 2010 was the most important in terms of financial loss and damage. The Aluvião has, at the same time, characteristics of debris flow, hyperconcentrated flow and floods. This paper analyzed the concept of Aluvião and its characteristics, as well as proposed a potential damage index that takes into account the urbanization of the basins and their susceptibility to Aluvião. Google Earth Pro (GE) imagery was used to map 2010 landslide scars and classify the basins in terms of susceptibility. The Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 (EVI2) was used as a proxy for urbanization and its temporal evolution was analyzed. Through the literature review, it was noted that the Aluvião is commonly treated as flood, followed by flash flood and landslide. Based on the GE images, 123 scars were mapped and the basins classified in terms of susceptibility. The EVI2 presented typical values ​​for urbanization, which allowed to evaluate its temporal and spatial evolution. Based on the potential damage index, the basins was classified, indicating the most likely to be affected by the Aluvião. In addition, the index can be used for disaster management and guide the urbanization to the less susceptible basin. Finally, the methodology proved feasible and can be applied in any basin where there are spatial information about landslides and urbanization.

Author Biographies

Hugo Filipe Barreto Ferreira de Freitas, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil

Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil

Roberto Fabris Goerl, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil

Professor of the Graduate Program in Geography at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil.

Gean Paulo Michel, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil

Professor at the Hydraulic Research Institute (IPH) at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil.

References

ACKERMAN, EDWARD A. The Köppen classification of climates in North America. Geographical Review, American Geographical Society, New York, USA p. 105-111, 1941.
Disponível em: < https://www.jstor.org/publisher/ags>. Acesso em: 15 Setembro.2019

ALMEIDA, A. B.; LOPES, S. Novas Medidas Estruturais Para Diminuição Do Risco Hidrológico No Funchal. In: VIII Encontro Nacional de Riscos. Guimarães, 2014.

ARAGÃO, A. Para a história do Funchal. Secretaria Regional do Turismo e Cultura, 1987.

BÜTTNER, G., FERANEC, J., JAFFRAIN, G., MARI, L., MAUCHA, G., & SOUKUP, T. The CORINE land cover 2000 project. EARSEL eProceedings, European Topic Centre on Terrestrial Environment, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, v. 3, n. 3, p. 331-346, 2004
Disponível em: < https://bityli.com/eGTsG >. Acesso em: 10 Setembro. 2019

CAETANO, C. Avaliação do risco de Aluviões das ribeiras da Ilha Da Madeira, (Tese de Mestrado), Técnico de Lisboa, Cidade de Lisboa, 2014.

DA SILVA, F. A.; MENESES, C. A. Elucidário Madeirense. Tipografia Esperança, São Miguel, Açores, 1921

DE FRANÇA, J. ALBERTO PIMENTA; DE, ANTÓNIO BETÂMIO. Plano regional de água da madeira síntese do diagnóstico e dos objetivos, 6º SILUSBA – Simpósio de Hidráulica e Recursos Hídricos dos Países de Língua Oficial Portuguesa, Cabo Verde, 2003.Disponivel em: < https://www.aprh.pt/6_silusba/vol3_APRH_LF_751_818a.pdf >. Acesso em: 23 Agosto.2019

DREM - Estatisticas Demogràficas Da Região Autonoma Da Madeira, 2018

EM-DAT, C. R. E. D. The international disaster database. Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. Disponivel em: https://www.emdat.be

FONTINHA, SUSANA et al. Vegetation recovery after a large forest fire in the Ecological Park of Funchal (Madeira Island, Portugal). Silva Lusitana, v. 22, n. 2, 2014.

GABET, EMMANUEL J. Post‐fire thin debris flows: sediment transport and numerical modelling. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms: The Journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, UK, v. 28, n. 12, p. 1341-1348, 2003. Disponivel em: < https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/esp.590 >. Acesso em: 5 Outubro.2019

GALLO, K. P. et al. Trends in night-time city lights and vegetation indices associated with urbanization within the conterminous USA. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 25, n. 10, p. 2003-2007, 2004. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 26 Setembro. 2019

GOERL, R. F.; KOBIYAMA, M.. Redução dos desastres naturais: Desafio dos geógrafos. natural disaster reduction: The challenge of geographers. Ambiência, Paraná, Brasil, v. 9, n. 1, p. 145-172, 2013. Disponível em: < https://revistas.unicentro.br/index.php/ambiencia/article/view/1935 >. Acesso em: 15 Agosto de 2019.

PRAM - Plano Regional De Água Da Madeira, GOVERNO REGIONAL DA ILHA DA MADEIRA, 2002

GUO, Z. et al. Assess the effect of different degrees of urbanization on land surface temperature using remote sensing images. Procedia Environmental Sciences, v. 13, p. 935-942, 2012. Disponivel em: < encurtador.com.br/uBCY9 > Acesso em: 18 Setembro. 2019

INSTITUTO DE METEOROLOGIA, IP PORTUGAL. (2010). Fevereiro muito chuvoso em Portugal. Disponível em: < http://www.meteo.pt/pt/media/noticias/newsdetail.html?f=/pt/media/noticias/arq uivo/2010/Rel_Clima_FEV_2010.html. > Acesso em: 15 Setembro. 2019

LOPES, E. E. E NOGUEIRA, R. E. Proposta metodológica para validação de imagens de alta resolução do Google Earth para a produção de mapas. Anais XV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto, Curitiba, PR, Brasil, 2011. Disponivel em: < https://repositorio.ufsc.br/handle/123456789/92563 > Acesso em: 2 Outubro. 2019

MORAWITZ, DANA F. et al. Using NDVI to assess vegetative land cover change in central Puget Sound. Environmental monitoring and assessment, University of Maine, USA, v. 114, n. 1-3, p. 85-106, 2006. Disponível em: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-006-1679-z > Acesso em: 13 Setembro. 2019

NAVARRO, GABRIEL et al. Evaluation of forest fire on Madeira Island using Sentinel-2A MSI imagery. International journal of applied earth observation and geoinformation, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands, v. 58, p. 97-106, 2017. Disponível em: < https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0303243417300296 > Acesso em: 2 Agosto.2019

NGUYEN, HIEU T. et al. Landslide hazard and cascading effects following the extreme rainfall event on Madeira Island (February 2010). Natural hazards, v. 65, n. 1, 2013. p. 635-652. Disponível em: < https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11069-012-0387-y > Acesso em: 2 Agosto.2019

PEREIRA, L. F.; DE BARROS CRUZ, G.; GUIMARÃES, R. M. F. Impactos do rompimento da barragem de rejeitos de Brumadinho, Brasil: uma análise baseada nas mudanças de cobertura da terra. Journal of Environmental Analysis and Progress, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco v. 4, n. 2, p. 122-129, 2019.

PRADA, S. L. R. N. Geologia E Recursos Hídricos Subterrâneos da Ilha Da Madeira, (Tese de Doutorado), Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, 2000. Disponível em: < https://digituma.uma.pt/handle/10400.13/118 > Acesso em 5 Agosto. 2019

QUINTAL, RAIMUNDO. Aluviões da Madeira. Séculos XIX e XX. Territorium, n. 6, p. 31-48, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, 1999.

SCHEUREN, J. M. et al. Annual disaster statistical review: numbers and trends 2007. No. UCL-Université Catholique de Louvain, França, 2008. Disponível em: < https://dial.uclouvain.be/pr/boreal/object/boreal:178842 > Acesso em 4 Outubro.2019

SUN, JINYU ET AL. NDVI indicated characteristics of vegetation cover change in China’s metropolises over the last three decades. Environmental monitoring and assessment, University of Maine, USA, v. 179, n. 1-4, p. 1-14, 2011. Disponivel em: < https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-010-1715-x > Acesso em: 6 Outubro. 2019

WILFORD, D. J. et al. Recognition of debris flow, debris flood and flood hazard through watershed morphometrics. Landslides, Universidade de Kyoto, v. 1, n. 1, p. 61-66, 2004. Disponível em: < https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10346-003-0002-0?bcgovtm=5c92f045c7-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_11_28_COPY_02 > Acesso em: 7 Agosto. 2019
Published
18/10/2020
How to Cite
FREITAS, Hugo Filipe Barreto Ferreira de; GOERL, Roberto Fabris; MICHEL, Gean Paulo. ALUVIÃO IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA ISLAND: HISTORIC ASPECTS, CONCEPTS AND POTENCIAL DAMAGE INDEX. Geosaberes, Fortaleza, v. 11, p. 608 - 622, oct. 2020. ISSN 2178-0463. Available at: <http://geosaberes.ufc.br/geosaberes/article/view/971>. Date accessed: 25 nov. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.26895/geosaberes.v11i0.971.
Section
ARTICLES